We have a kernel module file named gpdrv.ko which is a custom driver and we don't have the source codes.
It's file size about 120 KB, after stripping, module size decreases as low as 10 KB.
But when we try to insert stripped module, it gives following error:
module has no symbols (stripped?)
insmod: can't insert 'gpdrv.ko': invalid module format
Is it possible to strip kernel module object? If so, how?